Not surprisingly, many aspects of people's daily lives have undergone
considerable changes because of the recent development in technology. It is a
particular concern that the pace of everyday life is becoming faster, resulting
from the development in cars, air travel, telecommunications technology and the
Internet 。 As well as benefits, this trend is to bring problems.
On the positive side, the fast rhythm of life requires people to enhance
efficiency when working and then allows them to enjoy longer leisure time. With
the advance in telecommuncations people can make inquires by phone, instead of
travelling long distances, Internet access makes it possible (for one to perform
various tasks without leaving their offices. Even though people have to travel
every now and then, for meeting business partners, visiting clients in other
cities or other purposes, modem transport networks reduce the amount of time
they spend on commutes.
The acceleration of the pace of life also implies the expansion of people's
social circle. In the past, social relationships were limited by physical
factors such as geographical distance and low mobility, but nowadays, one can
travel further and get acquainted with more people with those technological
advances, such as the railroad, the automobile and the telephone. For instance,
the rapid penetration of telecommunications technology has made the mobile phone
a key social tool and people rely on their mobile phone address book to keep in
touch with their friends.
On the negative side, the fast-paced lifestyle is responsible for the
upsurge in lifestyle-related problems. Jobs become demanding and require
workers' full commitment, resulting in their depression and pressure. Underneath
the facade of continued contraction of official working hours, employees are
actually working longer, primarily because fax, e-mail or other communication
devices have made them accessible to their supervisors, colleagues and customers
after work. They have to respond instantly to voice and email messages from
others. Private life has to be sacrificed.
According to the facts outlined above, the doubts about the negative
effects of the acceleration of pace of life are not well-grounded. People now
enjoy greater well-being, which is reflected in more quality family time, less
travel-related stress and close contact with friends and family members.
However, they might have to accept frequent intrusions as a by-product of
leisure time业余时间; 余暇
inquires打听，询问( inquire的第三人称单数 )