中国考试网-考试信息资讯 收藏本页 设为首页 
您现在的位置: 主页 > 外语 > 公共英语 > 文章
6月大学英语四级阅读理解训练
更新时间:2019-03-14 19:36   来源:未知 作者:中国考试网3 点击:
6月大学英语四级阅读理解训练





①Manners nowadays in metropolitan cities like London are practically non-existent. ②It is nothing for a big, strong schoolboy to elbow an elderly woman aside in the dash for the last remaining seat on the tube or bus, much less stand up and offer his seat to her, as he ought. ③In fact, it is saddening to note that if a man does offer his seat to an older woman, it is nearly always a Continental man or one from the older generation.

①This question of giving up seats in public transport is much argued about by young men, who say that, since women have claimed equality, they no longer deserve to be treated with courtesy and that those who go out to work should take their turn in the rat race like anyone else. ②Women have never claimed to be physically as strong as men. ③Even if it is not agreed, however, that young men should stand up for younger women, the fact remains that courtesy should be shown to the old, the sick and the burdened. ④Are we really so lost to all ideals of unselfishness that we can sit there indifferently reading the paper or a book, saying to ourselves “First come, first served,” while a grey-haired woman, a mother with a young child or a cripple stands? ⑤Yet this is all too often seen.

①Conditions in travel are really very hard on everyone, we know, but hardship is surely no excuse. ②Sometimes one wonders what would have been the behaviour of these stout young men in a packed refugee train or a train on its way to a prison-camp during the War. ③Would they have considered it only right and their proper due to keep the best places for themselves then?

①Older people, tired and irritable from a day’s work, are not angels, either — far from it. ②Many a brisk argument or an insulting quarrel breaks out as the weary queues push and shove each other to get on buses and tubes. ③One cannot commend this, of course, but one does feel there is just a little more excuse.

①If cities are to remain pleasant places to live in at all, however, it seems imperative, not only that communications in transport should be improved, but also that communication between human beings should be kept smooth and polite. ②All over cities, it seems that people are too tired and too rushed to be polite. ③Shop assistants won’t bother to assist, taxi drivers growl at each other as they dash dangerously round corners, bus conductor pull the bell before their desperate passengers have had time to get on or off the bus, and so on and so on. ④It seems to us that it is up to the young and strong to do their small part to stop such deterioration.

一、词汇

1.metropolitan a. 大都市的

2.practically ad. 几乎,简直,实际上

3.elbow v. 用手肘推开

4.dash n. 冲撞

5.tube n. 地铁

6.much less ad. 更不必说(何况)

7.note v. 注意

8.continental a. 大陆的

9.courtesy n. 礼貌

10.rat race卑鄙的竞争, 你死我活的竞争

11.cripple n. 跛者,残疾人

12.irritable a. 易怒的,烦躁的

13.brisk a. 敏锐的, 凛冽的, 轻快的

14.weary a. 疲倦的,厌烦的

15.shove v. 推挤

16.commend v. 委托,推荐,嘉奖

17.imperative a. 命令式的,急需的

18.growl v. 怒吠,咆哮

 二、长难句

1. It is nothing for a big, strong schoolboy to elbow an elderly woman aside in the dash for the last remaining seat on the tube or bus, much less stand up and offer his seat to her, as he ought.

该句的主干为It is nothing for sb (a big, strong schoolboy) to do sth(to elbow an elderly woman aside … ),其中it为形式主语,不定式结构to do sth为真正的主语。much less用于否定句之后,表示程度减少,意为“更何况,更不用说”。句末as引导了方式状语从句,且为省略句,其完整形式是as he ought to (stand up and offer his seat to her)。

翻译:个大个头,身体强壮的男学生在冲向地铁或公共汽车的最后一个座位时,用肘部把一个老太太推向一旁,这已经不算什么了,更别指望他站起来把座位让给老太太,尽管他应该那样做。

2. In fact, it is saddening to note that if a man does offer his seat to an older woman, it is nearly always a Continental man or one from the older generation.

该句的主干为it is saddening to note that …,其中it为形式主语,that引导的从句为真正的主语。该从句为主从复合句,包含了if引导的条件状语从句。

翻译:实际上,我们悲哀地发现如果真有一个人把自己的座位让给老年妇女,那么这个人几乎总是欧洲大陆人或是老一辈的人。

3. This question of giving up seats in public transport is much argued about by young men, who say that, since women have claimed equality, they no longer deserve to be treated with courtesy and that those who go out to work should take their turn in the rat race like anyone else.

该句的主干为This question … is much argued about,主语名词question后接有介词短语of giving up seats in public transport做后置定语。Who引导的定语从句,也做后置定语,修饰名词young men。该定语从句的主干为who (young men) say that … and that …,两个that引导的从句做say的宾语。

翻译:在公共交通工具上让座的问题常被青年人反驳,他们说,既然妇女要求平等,那么她们将不应再被礼貌对待,那些出去工作的人应该像其他任何人一样在你死我活的竞争中轮流等候。

4. Even if it is not agreed, however, that young men should stand up for younger women, the fact remains that courtesy should be shown to the old, the sick and the burdened.

该句为主从复合句。插入语however表明该句与上文之间的转折关系。句首为even if引导的让步状语从句,其主干为it is not agreed that …,it为形式主语,that引导的从句为真正的主语。主句为the fact remains that …,其中that引导的从句为the fact的同位语。

翻译:即使在年轻男子应该让位给年轻女子的做法上不能达成共识,但是对那些老人、病者和负重之人仍应给予礼貌。

5. Are we really so lost to all ideals of unselfishness that we can sit there indifferently reading the paper or a book, saying to ourselves “First come, first served,” while a grey-haired woman, a mother with a young child or a cripple stands?

该句为主从复合句形式的疑问句。主句为Are we really so lost to all ideals of unselfishness … ,其中that引导的从句we can sit …first served,” 做后置定语,修饰名词短语ideals of unselfishness。句末为while引导的时间状语从句。

翻译:难道我们真的丧失了所有的无私思想,以至于当一位白发苍苍的老太太、一位抱着孩子的母亲或一位伤残者站在旁边时,我们仍然能够如此漫不经心地读着报纸或一本书,同时对自己说“先来,先享受”吗?

6. If cities are to remain pleasant places to live in at all, however, it seems imperative, not only that communications in transport should be improved, but also that communication between human beings should be kept smooth and polite.

该句为主从复合句,句首为if引导的条件状语从句,主句为it seems imperative not only that …but also that …,其中it为形式主语,not only… but also …连接的两个that引导的并列从句为真正的主语。

翻译:然而,如果城市还打算保持其良好的居住环境,这一点十分必要,不仅运输工具要改进,人类之间的交流也更有必要保持畅通和有礼貌。
相关文章
英语四级阅读练习:世界最大的杯蛋糕
大学生通过英语四六级找工作
总结公共英语四级考试必备练习题
公共英语四级考试写作辅导
公共英语四级难点词汇精选(5)
英语四级考试中史诗级翻译
2018年6月英语四级翻译:灵隐寺
英语四级翻译习题:探望父母
这些院校对英语四级和论文有要求
英语四级翻译习题:亚洲人民
栏目推荐
别让孩子的英语输在零基础
英语专业变为一份热爱的事业!
公共英语考试三级写作范文精选
真的有10万英语教师进中国?
3条原则孩子英语启蒙不跑偏
公共英语二级写作冲刺试题
日排行
·  英语老师直播用上化学方程式
·  6月大学英语四级阅读理解训练
·  想让孩子从小聪明伶俐,英语口语流畅
·  高考英语:坚持适度做题少做难题
·  DaDa线上英语缴费容易退费难
·  2019考研复试英语口语自我介绍
周排行
·  研究生复试英语面试中应该注意什么
·  英语老师直播用上化学方程式
·  公共英语一级考试阅读练习(12)
·  快速突破英语的十大方法
·  6月大学英语四级阅读理解训练
·  想让孩子从小聪明伶俐,英语口语流畅
月排行
·  初中英语学习方法分享
·  英语六级比起考研英语不值一提
·  公共英语等级考试四级写作
·  研究生复试英语面试中应该注意什么
·  英语老师直播用上化学方程式
·  英语口语:手机进水了怎么办?
年排行
·  中小学生如何学好英语
·  初中英语学习方法分享
·  让英语知识学习融入实际场景
·  英语六级比起考研英语不值一提
·  公共英语等级考试四级写作
·  12月份的英语该怎么复习
《中华人民共和国电信与信息服务业务》信息产业 京ICP备06046971号 技术支持:嘉瑞恒通(北京)科技有限公司。
COPYRIGHT (C) 2003-2008 KSWCHINA.COM INC ◎ 考试中国ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 删稿联系邮箱:sheng6665588@gmail.com